Clovers have been the base legume in most hay and pasture mixes in the Maritimes.
Red Clover: A biennial that is tolerant to low pH and variable drainage. It yields well in the year after seeding and is most easily managed as haylage rather than hay. Double Cut Red Clover can be cut about 10 days earlier than Single Cut and has better re-growth. Timothy is the best grass to use with red clover when considering mixes. Best results are obtained when the proper rhizobia bacteria inoculant is used prior to seeding.
Alsike Clover: Alsike clover is a medium height clover with small leaves and flowers. Well adaped to grow on wet acidic soils with poor drainage. Yields can be good under high fertilizy. Very good winter survival. Used in hay and pasture mixtures as well as land reclamation mixtures.
Sweet Clovers (Yellow Blossom and White Blossom): A large growing sweet clover commonly used in Plowdown mixtures. Deep roots. Requires proper pH and legume inoculation for best results. Usually mixed with other clovers (Red, Alsike and White Blossom) or grasses (Lemtal Annual Ryegrass) in Plowdown Mixtures.
Ladino Clover: Ladino is a giant form of white clover. It is a rapidly growing perennial. Ladino clover is seldom sown in pure stands because of the difficulty to harvest and cure as hay. Ladino clover is only moderately hardy and has a shallow roots system. It does best on heavy soils where moisture is readily available during the growing season.